Different Categories of Master Data in SAP

Types Of Master Data In Sap

1. Master Data and Transactional Data can be distinguished from each other.

Master data serves as the fundamental information that forms the foundation for all transactions.

Regardless of the specific task or operation you are engaged in, such as production, stock transfer, sales, procurement, or physical inventory management, it is essential to have certain master data maintained.

– Data related to materials

– Data related to customers

– Data related to vendors

– Data related to pricing and conditions

– Data related to warehouse management, specifically storage bins.

The main areas of focus within the MM module are the material master and purchase information record.

Types of Master Data in SAP: Understanding Material Master

In SAP, material refers to a virtual representation of specific products or services that are involved in various business processes such as production, sales, purchasing, and inventory management. Examples of materials can include items like cars, car parts, gasoline, transportation services, or consulting services.

To ensure confidence in your actions, it is important to have a thorough understanding of the various perspectives within material master data and how they impact processes across different modules. Additionally, having knowledge about the tables that store material master data and transactions for making mass changes to multiple materials simultaneously can be highly beneficial.

Types of Materials in SAP

In SAP ERP , every material has a characteristic called “material type” which is used throughout the system for various purposes.

Why is it crucial to distinguish between material types and what does that characteristic signify?

1. SAP offers various predefined material types that represent different origins and usages, such as finished products ready for sale, semifinished products used in the production of finished goods, trading goods intended for resale, and raw materials utilized in the manufacturing process. These are just a few examples among many others like food, beverages, and services.

2. In case none of the standard material types meet our requirements, we have the flexibility to create custom material types according to our specific needs.

Common material types found in a typical SAP installation.

Material Type Configuration: Variations and Configurations on Different Types

Types of master data in SAP include material master views, default price control, default item category group, and other indicators such as internal/external purchase orders and special material types. These elements define various settings and characteristics associated with different materials in the system.

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The material type is assigned to materials that share similar settings for the material master views, price control, item category group, and other related aspects. It can be allocated during the creation of a material using t-code MM01 (which will be discussed in more detail later on).

Where can we access a comprehensive inventory of materials along with their corresponding material types?

There are various transactions available for this purpose. The actual data is stored in the MARA table.

You can access the table contents using transaction codes SE16 or SE16N, but in certain systems, standard users may not have permission to use these codes. In such instances, you can obtain the list of information by using transaction code MM60 (Material List). MM60 is commonly used as it provides various essential characteristics of materials.

Input screen – you are allowed to input solely the material number.

It is evident that the material with code 10410446, located in plant AR01, falls under the category of finished products (FERT) in SAP.

The MM60 report displays its results with the export button emphasized.

By utilizing the highlighted toolbar button on the screen, we have the ability to export the chosen list of materials.

Number of master data in SAP

Master data in SAP MM are necessary for all the MM and other module’s business processes. There are ten important master data in SAP MM. All the Logistics modules uses Material master therefore its quality must be good.

Material group

Another characteristic SAP material is assigned during it’s creation is “material group”, which can represent a group or subgroup of materials based on certain criteria.

What are the criteria for creating material groups?

You have the flexibility to choose any criteria that meet your reporting needs for your system. For example, you can categorize materials based on the type of raw material used in their production process, such as different types of plastics. Similarly, services can be divided into various categories like SAP consulting, IT consulting, and financial consulting. Transportation services can also be grouped into internal transport and international transport. Another approach is to group materials based on the production technique employed, such as welding, extrusion, or injection methods. The choice of grouping depends on what management deems appropriate and is typically determined during implementation rather than being frequently changed in a productive environment.

In contrast, the material group is primarily utilized within the PP and MM modules in SAP.

To view material groups for multiple materials, you can utilize the previously mentioned transaction code MM60. Simply choose additional materials in the selection criteria.

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The material group can be easily updated in bulk using the MM17 transaction. Further details about editing the material master will be discussed later in the article.

Types of master data in SAP PM: How many are there?

In SAP, the types of master data in PM (Plant Maintenance) encompass various elements. These include:

1. Equipment: This refers to physical assets such as machinery, vehicles, or tools.

2. Functional Location: It represents a specific area within a plant where maintenance activities are performed.

3. Class: It defines specifications for objects and helps categorize them based on common characteristics.

4. Characteristics: These are attributes or properties associated with equipment or functional locations.

5. Task Lists: They outline the sequence of maintenance tasks required for specific equipment or functional locations.

6. Catalog: It contains data about the maintenance history in codes, facilitating easy reference and analysis.

7. Construction Types: These refer to materials Bill of Materials (BOMs) used during construction projects.

8. Measuring Points: They enable capturing measurements related to equipment performance or condition monitoring.

9. Counters: These capture data regarding equipment usage, such as wear and tear levels or consumption rates.

These different types of master data play crucial roles in managing plant maintenance operations effectively within SAP systems

What are the four data types?

Nominal data refers to categorical information where each value represents a distinct category or group. Examples of nominal data in SAP could be product categories or customer segments. This type of master data is primarily used for classification purposes and does not possess any inherent order or hierarchy.

Ordinal data, on the other hand, introduces an element of ranking or order among its values. It signifies the relative position or preference between different categories but does not provide precise measurement intervals. In SAP, ordinal master data can be seen in rating scales such as customer satisfaction levels or employee performance ratings.

Discrete Data represents numerical values that are separate and distinct from one another with no intermediate values possible within a given range. It often involves counting whole numbers rather than measuring quantities precisely. For instance, discrete master data may include the number of units sold per day or the quantity of items in stock at any given time.

Continuous Data encompasses numerical values that can take on any real number within a specific range without restriction. Unlike discrete data which deals with individual counts, continuous master data focuses on measurements involving fractions or decimals such as temperature readings over time or sales revenue figures.

P.S: Understanding these different types of master dat

The 4 MDM styles: What are they?

In India, there are four common styles of MDM implementation:

1. Registry model: This style focuses on creating a centralized registry that stores and manages master data across different systems. It allows for easy access and retrieval of accurate information.

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Additionally, there is an evolving fifth model known as the E-Synchronization model. It incorporates deeper connections with e-commerce platforms to cater to the growing consumer preference for online shopping experiences.

These various MDM implementation styles offer organizations flexibility in managing their master data effectively based on their specific requirements and business processes in India.

Examples of master data in SAP

1. Material Master: This type of master data contains detailed information about the materials or products used by a company. It includes attributes like material description, dimensions, weight, pricing, and other relevant details.

2. Customer Master: Customer master data holds important information about the customers or clients associated with a company. It includes details such as customer name, address, contact information, payment terms, credit limits, and transaction history.

3. Vendor Master: Vendor master data consists of vital details about the suppliers or vendors who provide goods or services to an organization. It includes vendor names, addresses, contact details, payment terms agreed upon between parties and other relevant supplier-related information.

4. Employee Master: Employee master data contains comprehensive information about employees working within an organization. This may include personal details like employee name,address,date-of-birth etc., employment-related specifics such as job title,status,salary,and organizational hierarchy.

5.Bank Master: Bank master records contain key banking related-information such as bank names,bank account numbers,BIC (Bank Identifier Code),and other necessary financial institution particulars required for executing transactions smoothly.

Having accurate and up-to-date master data is crucial for effective decision-making and efficient operations within an organization using SAP systems

What do master data types refer to?

Master Data Types and Their Impact on Business Decisions

In the realm of Master Data Management (MDM), various types of master data play a crucial role in influencing business decisions. Among these, three specific MDM types – customer data, product data, and financial data – are fundamental to organizations as they provide valuable insights into customer behavior, product performance, and financial health.

Understanding SAP MM Master Data

Definition and Significance of Master Data:

Materials master data includes details about products or services offered by a company, such as their descriptions, specifications, units of measure, and pricing information. Vendors master data contains comprehensive information about suppliers or service providers including their contact details, payment terms, delivery schedules, and quality ratings. Purchasing process master data involves defining specific rules and guidelines for procurement activities like purchase requisitions creation methods or release strategies.

The significance of maintaining accurate and up-to-date master data cannot be overstated. It ensures smooth functioning of procurement processes by providing reliable information on available materials from approved vendors at correct prices. With accurate vendor details readily accessible in the system, organizations can effectively manage supplier relationships while ensuring timely deliveries of goods or services.