Different Types Of Purchasing Organization In Sap Mm

Types Of Purchasing Organization In Sap Mm

However, building its purchasing strategy and supporting it with the proper organization can be a long and challenging process. Plus, there is no right recipe to achieve this goal. Each company has its own culture, own background, overall strategy, and own global organization.

Companies typically have a preference for specific purchasing organizations based on factors such as their geographical structure, level of procurement expertise, business strategy, and various other considerations.

What are the various types of purchasing organizations? How can you identify which type of organization would be most suitable for your company?

Once we have a clear understanding of what a purchasing organization is, it becomes essential to explore the various types available. These can be categorized based on two factors: centralized versus decentralized and mature versus non-mature purchasing organizations.

What is a Purchasing Organization in SAP MM?

Next, there are two ways to examine internal purchasing organizations: centralized versus decentralized and mature versus non-mature. In the case of centralization, some companies prefer to consolidate all procurement activities within a single team located in one building. On the other hand, certain companies opt for allowing their branches or plants to handle local procurement tasks. However, it is possible for a company to have centralized teams responsible for indirect sourcing while maintaining decentralized units in charge of local direct sourcing. The second analysis focuses on maturity levels within purchasing organizations. A non-mature organization typically has individual employees handling procurement with minimal guidelines or training provided. Conversely, a mature organization would employ highly skilled buyers who specialize in specific procurement segments such as critical commodities.

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Let’s dig into these different concepts to understand the roots and challenges behind them.

Centralized VS decentralized purchasing organization

The drawbacks of decentralized purchasing organizations include the inability to negotiate better prices due to a lack of leverage in quantity and difficulties in aligning procurement processes. However, there is good news for these organizations as software providers have developed top-notch solutions that facilitate process harmonization, data integration, and supplier management. The digitalization of procurement processes allows decentralized teams to collaborate effectively and adhere to the same policies. For example, by utilizing precise demand planning features, companies can easily assess their requirements and consolidate component needs across various product lines. This enables them to negotiate larger orders instead of multiple smaller ones based on aggregated quantities when multiple products require the same components for manufacturing purposes.

Understanding the concept of reference purchasing organization in SAP MM


– The reference purchase organization serves as a strategic department.

– Its main purpose is to negotiate with vendors for outline agreements.

– Required purchase organizations are assigned to the reference purchase organization.

Purchasing Organization Classification in SAP MM: Mature versus Non-Mature

Procurement systems now provide sourcing managers with real-time, precise, and easily understandable graphs to monitor their key performance indicators (KPIs) and make necessary adjustments to their sourcing strategy.

Different purchasing structures: What are the various types?

On the other hand, decentralized purchasing organizations have a more localized approach. Instead of being located solely at the headquarters, they are dispersed across various departments or locations within the company. Their objective is not primarily focused on cost savings but rather on meeting specific departmental needs efficiently.

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Types of Purchasing Organization Strategies in SAP MM to Enhance your Global Supply Chain

Creating a robust, effective, dependable, and helpful purchasing organization can be a difficult task. To prevent wasting time, businesses must evaluate their worldwide strategy, comprehend their culture, and choose the most suitable approach based on their operations. The choice between centralized and decentralized purchasing organizations will mainly influence the procurement strategy in terms of cost savings and product quality. Furthermore, the efficiency of purchasing organizations is influenced by their level of maturity.

Various Categories of Purchasing Organizations in SAP MM | Ravacan

Diverse Classifications of Procurement Entities in SAP MM | Ravacan

Centralized purchasing organization in SAP MM: What is it?

The concept of a centralized purchasing organization in SAP MM is designed for situations where there is a larger, global supply chain team responsible for managing the demand across multiple plants. This approach allows for better negotiation power as the quantity being procured is more significant compared to plant-specific procurement organizations.

In this type of setup, all purchasing activities are consolidated and managed by a central team or department. The main objective is to streamline and optimize the procurement process by leveraging economies of scale. By consolidating demands from various plants, the centralized organization can negotiate better terms with suppliers, such as lower prices or favorable contract conditions.

Furthermore, having a centralized purchasing organization enables standardization and harmonization of processes across different plants within an enterprise. It ensures that consistent policies and procedures are followed when it comes to sourcing materials or services. This not only improves efficiency but also facilitates knowledge sharing among team members who work together on common procurement goals.