Different Types Of Search Help Available In SAP ABAP

In SAP ABAP, there are various types of search help available that assist users in finding and selecting data efficiently. These search helps provide a user-friendly interface and offer different functionalities to enhance the searching process. Understanding the different types of search help can greatly benefit developers and users working with SAP ABAP by enabling them to effectively navigate through large amounts of data and locate specific information quickly.

Types of Search Help in SAP ABAP

There are two categories of search helps that can be utilized. These include – .

<>A collection of multiple search aids. It provides various alternative paths for searching.>



Create Search help –

Step-2: The ABAP Dictionary: Initial Screen will appear, where you can choose the search help option and input the name of the search help. Proceed by clicking on the Create button.

Step-3: A dialog box called Create Search Help is displayed, showing the different types of search help available. Choose the appropriate type based on your needs. In this case, we are creating an Elementary search help, so we select the elementary search help option. Proceed by clicking on the Continue button.

Step-4: The Dictionary: change search help screen is displayed, where you can input the Short Description, Selection Method (table name), and Search help parameter (table field) details.

Step-5: Press (Ctrl + S) or ” Save ” icon to save the Search Help definition. System asks for the package. Enter existing package if any, or create new package.

Once the package information entered, click on ” Local object ” (if it is a local structure and non transportable object) or ” Save ” to create the search help.

Step-6: Once the Search help saved successfully, the “ZTC_SPRODUCT saved” message displayed on status bar.

Step-7: Click on \ ” Activate ” icon or ” Ctrl +F3 ” to activate Search help. If the Search help activated successfully, the “Object Activated” message displayed on status bar like below.

If error messages or warnings occurred during the activation of the search help, the activation log is displayed automatically.

The activation log can be accessed by selecting Utilities(M) and then choosing Activation log from the menu.

Step-8: Click on ” Direct Processing.. ” icon or press ” F8 ” to test the Search help. Multiple fields can be added to search help parameters list.

– Import: When checked, it indicates that the parameter is an import parameter. If not checked, it means that it is not an import parameter.

– Export: When checked, it indicates that the parameter is an export parameter. If not checked, it means that it is not an export parameter.

– LPos: It specifies the physical position of the search help parameter in the selection list.

– SPos: It specifies the physical position of the search help parameter in the restrictive dialog box.

– Data element: It refers to the data element used to define a field within a table or view.

Step-9: It opens the test search help. Place the cursor on the specific field and press ” F4 “.

Step-10: It opens a dialog with all possible values for the field. User can select the data from it. and click on ” Continue ” icon on the top left cornor of the dialog.

The search feature presents all the details related to the chosen value.

Different Types of Search Help in SAP ABAP

If there are any inaccuracies in the updated Search help information or if new fields need to be added or removed, it is necessary to modify the definition of the Search Help.

To modify the properties of a search help, you can utilize the “Change” option. Follow these steps to alter the definition of a search help.

Step-2: It opens ABAP Dictionary: Initial Screen. Enter the Search help name and click on the ” Change ” button.

Step-3: Click on ” Save ” once the information modified. Verify the below message gets displayed on status bar.

Step-4: Click on ” Activate ” icon or ” Ctrl +F3 ” to activate the new changes of the search help. Verify the below message gets displayed on status bar.

Types of SAP ABAP Search Help

To remove a search help that is no longer needed or was created incorrectly, you can follow the steps below to delete it.

Step-2: The ABAP Dictionary: Initial Screen will appear, where you can input the search help name and then proceed to click on the delete button.

After the successful deletion of the search help, a message will appear on the status bar.

Types of search assistance

In SAP ABAP, there are three distinct types of Search Help available. The first type is Elementary Search Help, which is used to establish a search path for identifying the potential entries. This means that it helps in determining the possible values that can be entered into a field or parameter.

The second type is Collective Search Help, which consists of multiple elementary search helps combined together. By incorporating several elementary search helps, a collective search help offers various alternative paths for searching and selecting entries. It provides flexibility in terms of finding suitable values based on different criteria.

The third type is Matchcode Search Help, also known as Matchcode ID or F4 help. This particular kind of search help assists users by providing an interactive interface with predefined input fields and options to refine their searches effectively. It simplifies the process of locating specific data records by offering suggestions and filtering capabilities.

Distinguishing elementary and collective search help in SAP

In SAP ABAP, there are different types of search help that can be used to assist users in finding the desired information. One type is elementary search help, which allows only one field to be specified at a time. When the F4 key is pressed, the system displays a list of values related to that particular field.

On the other hand, collective search help offers more flexibility as it allows multiple fields to be specified simultaneously. This means that users can refine their search by entering criteria for various fields and retrieve more specific results. Additionally, in collective search help, it is also possible to include multiple elementary helps together.

However, if we utilize a collective search help instead and specify both “department” and “position” fields along with “name,” we can narrow down our selection even further. For instance, if we enter “Sales” for department and “Manager” for position before pressing F4 key; only employees who match these criteria will appear in the result list.

Understanding LPOS and SPOS in search help

SPOS, which stands for Screen Position, is a feature in SAP ABAP that allows users to arrange fields on a popup screen. This functionality helps in organizing the layout of the screen and ensuring an intuitive user experience.

On the other hand, LPOS refers to List Position and serves a similar purpose but specifically for arranging fields on a list screen. With LPOS, users can customize the order and placement of fields within lists, making it easier to view and analyze data efficiently.

Both SPOS and LPOS are valuable tools in SAP ABAP as they provide flexibility in designing screens according to specific requirements. By allowing users to control the positioning of fields, these features enhance usability and improve overall productivity.

The 4 categories of search engines

P.S: General-purpose search engines play a crucial role in providing users with vast amounts of information from across the internet. With their advanced algorithms and extensive databases, they have become an indispensable tool for individuals seeking knowledge or conducting research online.

The second type is vertical search engines that focus on specific industries or niches. Unlike general-purpose search engines that cover a broad spectrum of topics, vertical search engines specialize in particular fields like healthcare, finance, travel, or shopping. These specialized platforms aim to provide more targeted results by focusing solely on one industry.

Vertical search engine examples include WebMD for medical-related queries or Kayak for travel-related searches. By narrowing down the scope of their indexing process to specific domains or sectors, these platforms offer users more precise information tailored specifically to their needs within those industries.

Blog Way by ProDesigns
Categories Explanation
Basic search aids A single search aid is specified. The basic search aid determines where data should be retrieved from. It is created using one table.
Grouped search aids