Different Types Of Tables In Sap Abap

Types Of Tables In Sap Abap

we all know that we have three types of tables in abap. Transparent table. Cluster table. Pooled table.

ABAP Table Varieties

In the ABAP dictionary, there are three categories of tables that can be created.

Different types of tables in SAP ABAP include transparent tables, pooled tables, and cluster tables.

In addition to the three main types of tables mentioned earlier, there are also other specialized table types available in SAP ABAP. These include table pools and clusters, which serve as storage for various types of information such as program parameters, temporary data, documentation text, and more.

Below, you will find a description of the various types of tables in SAP ABAP.

1. Transparent Table

Transparent tables in SAP ABAP have identical names and field structures as their corresponding data dictionary tables in the database.

The transparent table shows the one-to-one relationship with the table definition in the SAP database. The below image is showing the transparent table in ABAP:

2. Pooled Tables

In ABAP, the pooled table represents a many-to-one connection with the database table definition. This implies that for each table defined in the SAP database, there exist multiple tables within the ABAP dictionary.

In SAP ABAP, the table pool is a single table that stores all the Pooled tables in the SAP database.

The tables in the data dictionary that are pooled may or may not share a primary key field.

Below image shows the relation between the Pooled tables and table pools:

3. Cluster Tables:

Cluster tables in SAP ABAP are comparable to Pooled tables as they exhibit a many-to-one association with the table definition within the SAP database. These cluster tables are consolidated and stored in a single table referred to as a table cluster.

In the data dictionary, it is necessary for tables to have at least one shared primary key field. Typically, these tables are accessed concurrently.

The connection between the cluster table and table clusters can be comprehended by referring to the diagram provided below.

Differentiating Pooled, Cluster, and Transparent Tables in SAP ABAP

Typically, pooled and cluster tables are not utilized to store application data like transparent tables. Instead, they serve the purpose of storing system-related information such as configuration details and historical data.

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Types of tables in SAP

In SAP ABAP, there are different types of tables that can be used to store and organize data. These tables are transparent tables, pool tables, and cluster tables.

Transparent table: A transparent table is a basic type of table in SAP ABAP. It directly corresponds to a single database table where each field in the table represents a column in the database. Transparent tables are used for storing transactional data or master data that needs to be accessed frequently.

Pool table: A pool table is a special type of table in SAP ABAP that combines multiple transparent tables with similar structures into one physical database structure. This helps optimize memory usage and improves performance by reducing the number of individual database accesses required.

Cluster table: A cluster table is another type of special-purpose table in SAP ABAP that stores large amounts of related data together as clusters. Unlike transparent or pool tables, cluster tables do not have fixed structures but rather allow flexibility in adding new fields dynamically without modifying the existing structure.

Overall, these different types of tables serve specific purposes based on the requirements and volume of data being stored. Transparent tables provide direct access to individual records, while pool and cluster tables help optimize memory usage and improve performance when dealing with larger volumes of related data.

Types of Tables in SAP ABAP

The following are the fundamental procedures; the application of these steps will be explained in a subsequent section.

ABAP: Understanding the Concept of Table Types

A table type is determined by two factors: the line type, which specifies the structure and data type attributes of a line in the internal table, and the access mode options for managing and accessing data within the internal table.


1. The line type defines the structure and data type attributes of a line in the internal table.

2. Access mode options determine how data is managed and accessed within the internal table.

Types Of Tables In Sap Abap: An Overview

After successfully creating a table in DDIC, we can proceed to input data into the table. The following steps outline how to create records within the table.

  • Open the ABAP dictionary initial Screen by navigating the menu path or entering the SE11 transaction code.
  • Enter the table name and click on the change button.
  • Click on the ” Utilities ” → Table Contents → Create
  • Provide the details as per your requirement in the given fields and click on save.
  • Enter the details as much you want to save by resetting the fields.
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SAP Table Categories: A Comprehensive Overview

On the other hand, a pooled table is a logical table that needs to be assigned to a specific pool when it is created. Pooled tables are commonly used for storing control data. For instance, imagine you have an application that requires keeping track of user permissions. You can create a pooled table called “UserPermissions” and assign it to a relevant pool. This way, all control data related to user permissions can be efficiently managed within this pooled table.

Different Kinds of Tables in SAP ABAP

Once the entries have been added to the table, it becomes simple to view all the saved records in the table.

  • Open the ABAP dictionary initial Screen by navigating the menu path or entering the SE11 transaction code.
  • Enter the table name and click on the change button.
  • Click on the ” Utilities ” → Table Contents → Display
  • Click on the execute button given on the screen to view all records stored within the table.
  • We can also see the particular data if there are lots of records in the table, for that enter some data details and press enter.

Varieties of Tables in SAP ABAP

1. Standard Tables: These tables are managed using a row index. New rows can be appended to the end of the table or inserted at specific positions.

2. Sorted Tables: Similar to standard tables, sorted tables are also managed using a row index. However, they are sorted by the table key in ascending order.

3. Hashed Tables: Hashed tables use a hash algorithm for management instead of a row index. This allows for faster access and retrieval of data based on keys.

What do type tables refer to?

Typed tables in SAP ABAP are used to store instances of structured types as rows, where each attribute of the type is stored in a separate column. These tables are created using the CREATE TYPE statement and are ideal for storing objects with defined characteristics. They provide a convenient way to organize and access data efficiently. Typed tables offer flexibility and ease of use when working with complex data structures in SAP ABAP programming.

Some common types of tables in SAP ABAP include:

1. Standard Tables: These are basic tables that store data in rows and columns format.

2. Sorted Tables: These tables automatically sort their entries based on a specified key field.

4. Index Tables: Index tables contain index information for faster access to specific records within other table types.

5. Internal Tables: Internal tables exist only during program runtime and can be used for temporary storage or processing large amounts of data efficiently.

It is important for developers to understand these different table types and choose the appropriate one based on factors such as performance, memory consumption, sorting requirements, etc., while designing an efficient database structure in SAP ABAP applications.

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By utilizing the right type of table, developers can optimize their code execution time, improve system performance, and ensure smooth functioning of their SAP systems overall

Types of tables and their definitions

Result presentation tables are employed to display the outcome of certain operations or calculations performed on the data stored in base tables. They provide a structured format for presenting information in a user-friendly manner.

Temporary Tables are used to store intermediate results during program execution. They hold transient data that is needed temporarily and can be discarded once its purpose is fulfilled. Temporary Tables help optimize performance by reducing database accesses and improving processing speed.

ABAP pool tables: What do they refer to?

A pooled table in SAP ABAP can have a different name in the database compared to its name in the ABAP dictionary. Additionally, it may have a different number of fields and even the field names can be different too. Pooled tables are designed to hold multiple smaller tables within them, which means they can store thousands of these smaller tables. Each individual small table can contain anywhere between 10 and 100 rows.

– A pooled table in SAP ABAP is like a big container holding multiple small tables.

– Each small table has its own structure with varying numbers and types of fields.

– Pooled tables allow for efficient storage and retrieval of large amounts of data by organizing it into manageable chunks or compartments

ABAP: Understanding Internal Tables

Internal tables in ABAP serve as a way to store data from a fixed structure in working memory. The data is stored line by line, with each line having the same structure. In ABAP, internal tables function similarly to arrays.

– Internal tables allow for storing data from a fixed structure in working memory.

– Data is stored line by line, with each line having the same structure.

– Internal tables fulfill the role of arrays in ABAP.

Understanding the structure and table type in SAP ABAP

A database table in SAP ABAP always possesses a structure, making it inherently a structured type. However, the fields within a database table can only have an elementary type, meaning they cannot be complex or composite types. On the other hand, table types serve to define the structure and functionalities of internal tables within an ABAP program. These table types allow for more flexibility as their rows can have any row type, including both elementary and complex data types.

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