Differentiating Real and Statistical Internal Order in SAP

Difference Between Real And Statistical Internal Order In Sap

In the realm of SAP, internal orders play a crucial role in managing and tracking costs within an organization. However, there are two distinct types of internal orders: real and statistical. Understanding the difference between these two types is essential for effectively utilizing them in SAP systems. This article delves into the disparities between real and statistical internal orders, shedding light on their respective functionalities and applications. By grasping this disparity, businesses can optimize their cost management processes within SAP to enhance overall efficiency and accuracy.

Differentiating SAP Internal Order Types

Every internal order in SAP needs to be categorized into one of the available types of SAP internal orders.

  1. Real Order
  2. Statistical Order

The primary purposes of both real and statistical internal orders in SAP are associated with cost tracking and reporting. A real order signifies an authentic cost posting made to the internal order, whereas a statistical order solely retains the cost details for reporting objectives.

Real Order

Real orders in SAP are used to capture and record all transactions related to primary costs. These orders serve as a means to track the actual costs incurred during a specific period. At the end of this period, the accumulated actual costs from the internal order are settled by allocating them to relevant cost objects.

Event Advertisement costed 1500, Security Expenses amounted to 2200, and Venue Rental was priced at 3500. The total cost of the event came out to be 7200.

Hence, actual order entries contribute to the operational equilibrium in the CO module by moving primary expenses from various SAP modules to a cost object during settlement.

Statistical Order

Many companies choose to utilize statistical orders for management analysis purposes. With this type of internal order, the cost center remains as the actual cost object within the order. As a result, when a transaction is recorded on this order, the real costs are incurred by the associated cost center while the internal order maintains a statistical balance. Settlement is not necessary for statistical orders and they cannot allocate costs to multiple cost centers. This makes statistical orders valuable for internal analysis and decision-making purposes.

Configuring SAP Internal Order Types

To establish a fresh order type, utilize the KOT2_OPA transaction code. Select the New Entries option to generate a new order type or double-click on an existing one for further analysis. In our illustration, we showcase an already existing statistical order known as CSTO.

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To ensure the proper configuration of a statistical order, it is important to follow certain key requirements. To do this, you can click on the Field selection button located at the bottom of your screen. This will take you to the Change Field Selection screen where you can scroll down until you find the options for the Identifier for statistical order field. For statistical orders, make sure that the Input radial button is selected for this parameter. By doing so, SAP will allow you to designate an internal order as statistical when selecting this specific order type. On the other hand, if you are dealing with real orders, set the radial button for this parameter to either Hide or Display accordingly.

Understanding the Distinction between Statistical Order and Real Order in SAP

Statistical orders are not able to be settled to any specific cost object, whereas real orders can be settled to a cost object. When creating an internal order, you have the ability to differentiate between statistical and real orders by assigning an order type followed by the order number. This allows for better tracking and analysis of costs associated with different types of orders.

Creating SAP Real Internal Order: Understanding the Distinction

Moving forward, we will proceed with generating an order for every SAP internal order category. Our initial step involves establishing a genuine internal order.

The path to access the relevant menu option in SAP for creating internal orders is: Accounting – Controlling – Internal Orders – Master Data – Special Functions – Order – Create. Alternatively, you can use the transaction code KO01 to create internal orders directly.

On the initial screen of transaction code KO01, input a specific order type that is associated with real internal orders. For instance, in our example, we will choose the order type CI01. Press Enter. In the subsequent window that appears, indicate the controlling area as displayed below.

1. Describe the project for the internal order.

2. Indicate the company code.

3. Choose an object class.

4. Specify any optional objects required, such as requesting company code, profit center, or sales order.

Go to the Control data tab and input the Currency for the postings. Please be aware that in the case of a real order, you will notice that the statistical order option is disabled or possibly not visible at all.

After pressing the Enter key, proceed to save the internal order. A message will appear confirming that the internal order has been successfully saved.

Understanding the Distinction between Real and Statistical Posting in SAP


– During reporting, the entries are categorized as statistical postings.

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– The attribute “statistical” is used to identify these entries.

– On the responsible cost center, these entries are shown without the “statistical” attribute.

– These non-statistical postings reflect actual transactions on the cost center.

– Overhead rates cannot be applied to statistical projects.

– Settlement processes do not credit statistical projects.

Create SAP Statistical Order

Next, we will generate a statistical internal order by utilizing the SAP order manager.

– Menu path: To access the Order Manager in SAP, go to Accounting, then Controlling, followed by Internal Orders and finally Master Data.

– Transaction code: You can also use the transaction code KO04 to directly open the Order Manager.

When you access transaction code KO04, a window will appear asking you to select the controlling area. To generate a new internal order, simply click on the Create button. Then, input an appropriate order type that corresponds to statistical internal orders. In this case, we will utilize the CS01 order type as an example.

1. Describe the project for the internal order.

2. Indicate the company code.

3. Choose an object class.

4. Specify any optional objects such as business area, plant, profit center, or sales order if necessary.

Navigate to the Control data tab and input the given details.

1. Indicate the currency for the controlling area.

2. Select the checkbox for statistical order.

3. Input the cost object where the cost should be directly recorded in the field labeled Actual posted CCtr.

Hit the Enter key and then click on Save. The internal order will be stored, accompanied by a message.

If you found this tutorial helpful, we would greatly appreciate your feedback. Please feel free to leave any questions or comments in the section below. Your input is valuable to us and will help us improve our free SAP CO tutorials for you.

Understanding the true internal organization in SAP

SAP Internal Order Types serve different purposes in terms of cost capturing and reporting. Each order type has specific use cases associated with it. A real order is used when there is an actual cost posting to the internal order. This means that expenses or costs incurred are directly charged to the internal order, allowing for accurate tracking of financial transactions.

On the other hand, a statistical order serves as a means to hold cost information solely for reporting purposes. It does not involve any direct posting of costs or expenses to the internal order itself. Instead, it acts as a container where relevant data can be collected and analyzed without affecting the actual financial figures.

Statistical orders, however, play a more supplementary role in providing valuable insights through reports generated from accumulated cost information. They allow businesses to analyze trends, patterns, and performance indicators without impacting the overall financials of an organization.

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What does statistical internal order mean?

One key distinction between these two types of internal orders is their usage in SAP (Systems Applications and Products) software. Real internal orders are primarily employed for tracking actual costs incurred during business processes, while statistical internal orders focus solely on providing supplementary information for reporting purposes.

The integration of statistical internal order functionality within SAP allows businesses to gain deeper insights into their operations by capturing detailed statistics related to specific activities or projects. This enables management teams to make informed decisions based on accurate data analysis and evaluation.

Statistical and internal orders in SAP: What are they?

In SAP, there are two types of internal orders: Real Internal Orders and Statistical Internal Orders. The main difference between these two is their purpose and functionality.

1. Real Internal Orders:

– These orders are used for both tracking and reporting purposes.

– Real internal orders have validation requirements for financial postings, ensuring accuracy in accounting processes.

2. Statistical Internal Orders:

– These orders are solely used for reporting purposes.

It is important to choose the appropriate type of internal order based on your specific needs – whether it requires both tracking and reporting (real) or only reporting (statistical).

Is it possible to resolve statistical internal order in SAP?

In SAP, there is a distinction between real internal orders and statistical internal orders. Settlement of costs from statistical internal orders is not possible; the only option available is to make a general ledger posting to the asset account, taking into account the accumulated amount on the statistical internal order. To add a comment or perform any actions related to this, you need to be a registered user. If you have already registered, please sign in.


– Settlement of costs cannot be done from statistical internal orders.

– The alternative option is to make a general ledger posting to the asset account.

– This posting should consider the relevant amount accumulated on the statistical internal order.

– Being a registered user is necessary for adding comments or performing other actions.

– Sign in if you are already registered.

Statistical Postings in SAP: An Overview

The function enables you to make updates in other components without affecting the budget consumption in Funds Management. These updates are made only for statistical purposes and do not involve availability control or budget utilization.

– The function allows updating postings in other components.

– Budget is not consumed in Funds Management.

– Updates are made solely for statistical purposes.

– There is no availability control for these statistical postings.

Creating a statistical order in SAP: How is it done?

Choose Hospital Integration with Controlling Orders Create. on the SAP Easy Access screen.

– Enter the institution and further selection criteria.Choose .

– Exit the function.