Scheduling a Background Job in SAP

Schedule A Background Job In Sap

A background job is a type of process that operates independently from interactive tasks. It runs simultaneously with other processes without causing any disruption to the ongoing interactive operations.

The scheduling of the background job is done through SM36, and its job log can be viewed for analysis in SM37.

Scheduling Background Jobs in SAP: Benefits

– It minimizes the need for manual work and automates tasks.

– Users have the flexibility to schedule it according to their preferences.

– It decreases user involvement by running smoothly in the background without requiring user input.

– Once a variant is defined for a background job, users are relieved from entering values into fields, reducing confusion.

Scheduling a Background Job in SAP

1. Priority Class A is designated for urgent or critical tasks that require immediate scheduling. Users can allocate a certain number of background work processes to this priority class, depending on their requirements. For example, if two background work processes are assigned to Class A, the remaining available processes for Class B and C will be calculated as the total number of work processes set in operation modes RZ03 minus the allocated processes for Class A.

2. Once all jobs with Class A priority have been completed, jobs with Class B priority will begin executing in the background before jobs with Class C priority.

3. Jobs with Class C priority are scheduled to run after both jobs from classes A and B have finished execution.

How can I arrange a job in SAP?

To begin, access SAP and open the SM36 transaction.

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– Next, input a job name and specify the target host as the SAP application server. Proceed to click on “Steps”.

– Then, select ABAP/4 from the options provided. Within the ABAP program section, include the program Name (yschedul). If necessary, add variant information as well. Finally, save your changes.

1. Log in to SAP and navigate to transaction SM36.

2. Enter a job name and indicate the target host as the SAP application server.

3. Click on “Steps” to proceed further.

4. Select ABAP/4 from the available choices.

5. In the ABAP program section, add yschedul as the program Name.

6. Optionally provide variant information if applicable.

7. Save your modifications accordingly.

Status of Background Jobs in SAP

  1. Scheduled: – You have defined the program name and variant but not defined start condition like Start Date, End Date, Frequency etc. That means you have not defined when a job should be scheduled in system.
  2. Released: – All required criteria are fulfilled for job definition. Start condition is must for the job to be in release status.
  3. Ready: – All the required conditions are met to run the job in a background workprocess. But job scheduler has put the job in the queue because it is waiting for background workprocess to be free.
  4. Active: – Job has started running in the background. We cannot change the status of the job once it is in Active status.
  5. Finished: – Job is executed successfully. It means the desired task is competed without any error.
  6. Cancelled: – There are two possibilities for this. The Administrator has forcefully canceled the job or there might be some issue with job. You can investigate this from Job logs.

How can I schedule a job in SM37?

Step 1) Execute SM37. Step 2) Fill the criteria. Job name and username by which job is scheduled. Select the status.

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Scheduling a Background Job in SAP: A Step-by-Step Guide

To schedule a background job in SAP, you have the option to use SM36. This allows you to schedule either planned or immediate jobs.

Step 3) Click on ” spool list recipient”. You will get output in your mailbox. You can check email from SBWP.

Step 4) Enter your SAP username and click on the copy button.

Step 5: Press the Step button to specify the details of the variant and other relevant information.

2. Click on the save button to save your changes.

Step 7) After scheduling the job, you will be presented with the following screen.

Step 8) Select Start conditions to input the start date, end date, frequency, and other details for the job. If you fail to specify the start condition, the job will always stay in a scheduled state. A job that is in a scheduled state will never be executed.

2. Specify the desired start and end date/time for the job. The job will only be activated once it reaches its scheduled start time.

3. Click on periodic values to further configure the scheduling settings of the job.

Step 9) Choose the desired frequency for the job by selecting Hourly/Daily/Weekly period. In this case, we will opt for Other Period.

Step 10) In this step, you define the recurring conditions for the job. For instance, you can set it to run every 5 days from the initial date. In our case, we choose to schedule the job to run every 10 minutes.

Step 14) After defining the job step and start conditions, a window will appear displaying the following information.

Step 17) Choose the specifications for the task that you wish to keep track of.

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1. Enter the name of your job and the username of the person who scheduled it.

2. Choose the status of the job.

3. Indicate the range of dates. In our case, we only need to mention the end date while leaving the start date open.

In step 18, when you reach this screen, observe the status which indicates that the job has been released and is ready to start. The job is currently in a queue, waiting for a background work process to become available.

How can I arrange a job in SAP to follow another job?

To do this, go to SM36 and schedule the first job by setting a specific start date and time. Once scheduled, you can check the status of this job. If it shows as completed or finished successfully, then you can proceed with starting the next job.

How to Reschedule a Background Job in SAP

Rescheduled jobs will not run in the future. Remember, you cannot deschedule the job once it’s in active status.

1. Provide the name of the job and the username under which it is scheduled.

2. Choose the desired status for the job. To cancel or remove a scheduled job, only select Released/Ready status.

3. Indicate the range of dates for when the job should be executed.

4. Click on the Execute (F8) button to initiate the process.

Step 3) Choose the designated task and click on Job -> (Released -> Scheduled).

Step 4) You will find the message in the status bar once you press ” Released -> Scheduled “.

SAP Background Job Processing SM36 allows users to create, schedule, and reschedule background jobs in SAP. This feature enables the execution of tasks at specific times without manual intervention.