Understanding Info Object in SAP BW

What Is Info Object In Sap Bw

An introduction to the concept of Info Objects in SAP BW.

What is InfoArea in SAP BI?

In SAP BI, an InfoArea is utilized to categorize and organize similar objects. It serves as a means of managing both InfoCubes and InfoObjects. Each individual InfoObject is assigned to an InfoArea, allowing for the organization of related files within designated folders.

Creating an Infoarea in SAP BW: A Step-by-Step Guide

To establish an Infoarea, access the RSA workbench by using the T-Code: RSA1.

Navigate to the Modeling tab and select InfoProvider. Then, click on Context and choose the option to create an InfoArea.

Please input the InfoArea name and description, then proceed by clicking on the Continue button.

Creating an InfoObject and InfoObject Catalog in SAP BW

InfoObjects are known as the smallest unit in SAP BI and are used in InfoProviders, DSO’s, Multi providers, etc. Each InfoProvider contains multiple InfoObjects.

InfoObjects are utilized in reports for data analysis and to offer insights to decision-makers. These InfoObjects can be classified into different categories.

Characteristics such as Customer and Product, Units like Quantity sold and currency, Key Figures like Total Revenue and Profit, and Time characteristics such as Year and quarter are examples of info objects in SAP BW.

InfoObjects are generated within the InfoObject Catalog. It is feasible for an InfoObject to be allocated to a diverse Info Catalog.

Info Object Catalog Creation in SAP BW

To create an InfoObject catalog in SAP BW, navigate to the Modeling section and select InfoObjects. Right-click on the screen and choose the option to create a new InfoObject catalog.

Please input the Technical Name and description of the InfoObject Catalog.

Choose the Characteristic option button under InfoObject Type – this refers to a Catalog of characteristic InfoObjects.

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Key Figure – This is the InfoObject Catalog that will be generated.

To begin, click on the “create” button. Afterward, you will need to save and activate the InfoObject Catalog. Once completed, a fresh InfoObject Catalog will be generated as displayed in the accompanying screenshot.

InfoObject Creation in SAP BW

To generate an InfoObject with characteristics, access the administration Workbench in RSA1. Navigate to Modeling and then select InfoObjects.

To create InfoObjects, follow these steps: Go to the My Sales InfoObject Catalog and right-click. Then, select the option to create new InfoObjects.

Please input the technical name and description of the characteristics. If the new characteristics to be created have similar technical properties as an existing characteristic, you can utilize reference characteristics.

Template characteristics can be utilized to create a new characteristic with similar technical attributes as an existing one. Proceed by selecting the “Continue” option.

Upon accessing the subsequent window, you will be presented with the Edit Screen for the InfoObject. This screen consists of six tabs, all of which are visible in the accompanying screenshot.

– Overall

– Business Explorer

– Master Data/Descriptions

– Structure

– Characteristic

– Combination

After defining all the fields, click on the save and activate option to complete the process.

Understanding InfoObject and Infoprovider

In SAP BW, InfoObjects are used to represent business evaluation objects. These InfoObjects can be classified into different categories such as characteristics, key figures, units, time characteristics, and technical characteristics.

Characteristics refer to the attributes or properties of a particular object that help in describing it. Key figures are numerical values that provide important information for analysis and decision-making. Units indicate the measurement unit associated with a specific key figure.

Time characteristics are used to organize data based on time periods like days, months, or years. They enable users to analyze data over different time intervals.

InfoObjects serve as the building blocks in SAP BW as they help structure and organize information required for creating InfoProviders. By using these InfoObjects effectively, businesses can store and retrieve data in a structured manner for better reporting and analysis purposes.

What Is an InfoObject in SAP BW: Key Figure Creation

To generate an InfoObject with characteristics, navigate to RSA1 and access the administration Workbench. Proceed to Modeling → InfoObjects.

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To create an InfoObject, you can navigate to the Not Assigned Key Figures section and right-click. From there, select the option to create a new InfoObject.

Input the Technical name and description.

Provide the Reference Key Figure.

Insert the Reference template and proceed by clicking on Continue.

In the “Edit characteristics” section, specify the following fields.

– Category/Measurement

– Grouping

– Extra Characteristics

– Removal

To preserve and activate the InfoObject, simply click on the “Save and Activate” option as depicted in the accompanying screenshot. This will ensure that the InfoObject is both saved and made active.

What distinguishes field and InfoObject in SAP BW?

In SAP BW, fields are like the basic building blocks of data. They represent individual pieces of information such as names, numbers, or dates. On the other hand, InfoObjects in SAP BW go a step further by defining properties for these fields and ensuring that data is consistent across different parts of the system.

InfoObjects provide additional functionality to fields in ADSOs (Advanced DataStore Objects) within SAP BW. By using InfoObjects in ADSOs, organizations can improve the quality of their data. This means that they can have more accurate and reliable information available for analysis and decision-making purposes.

Lastly, incorporating InfoObjects into ADSOs can lead to improved performance when working with large amounts of data in SAP BW. The use of specialized properties defined by InfoObjects enables optimized processing techniques which result in faster retrieval and manipulation of information.

Overall, utilizing InfoObjects brings various benefits such as better data quality, enhanced understanding through semantic enrichment, strengthened governance controls, and improved performance when working with large datasets within SAP BW systems

What is an InfoObject in SAP BW?

In the Administration Workbench of SAP BW, you have the option to modify an existing InfoObject. Simply choose the desired InfoObject and select “Change” from the context menu. Alternatively, you can also utilize the maintain InfoObject icon located in the toolbar menu.

The functionality enables you to modify specific attributes of an InfoObject when it is utilized in the InfoProvider. You have the ability to alter the text and significance associated with an InfoObject. However, if the key figure type, data type, or aggregation of the key figure is employed within the InfoProvider, making changes to an InfoObject with key figures becomes impossible.

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The Check function can be utilized to identify incompatible modifications.

What are information areas and information objects?

In SAP BI, an InfoArea is utilized to categorize objects of similar types. It serves as a means to organize and manage InfoCubes and InfoObjects. Each individual InfoObject is assigned to an InfoArea, which can be defined within a folder structure for grouping related files together.

Creating an information object in SAP BW

When working in the BW Modeling tools, follow these steps:

1. Select an InfoArea.

2. Provide a technical name and description.

3. Use the “Copy from” option to choose an object template.

4. Reference an InfoObject of your choice.

5. Choose from various types of InfoObjects such as Characteristic, Key Figure, Unit, and XXL InfoObject.

Distinguishing Infoobject from Field

Info objects in SAP BW are essential components that provide various services such as attributes, texts, and hierarchies. These services can be utilized across multiple info providers within the system. Unlike fields, which need to be created separately for each info provider, info objects do not contain detailed master data information.

When it comes to managing data in SAP BW, info objects play a crucial role by offering flexibility and reusability. Attributes associated with an info object provide additional descriptive information about the main characteristic of the object. For example, if we have an info object called “Product,” its attributes could include details like product category or brand.

Hierarchies are another significant aspect of info objects that help organize and structure data in a hierarchical manner. They establish relationships between different levels of characteristics within an attribute hierarchy. For instance, a product hierarchy may consist of levels such as division, department, category, and subcategory.

By utilizing these services provided by info objects in SAP BW, organizations can ensure consistency and efficiency in their reporting processes. The ability to reuse these objects across multiple scenarios eliminates redundancy while maintaining accurate master data management throughout the system.