Understanding Table Type in SAP ABAP

What Is Table Type In Sap Abap

In SAP ABAP, there is a concept called “Table Type” that plays a crucial role in defining the structure and behavior of tables. Understanding table types is essential for developers working with SAP ABAP as it allows them to efficiently manage data within tables. This article will provide an in-depth explanation of what table types are and how they are used in SAP ABAP development.

ABAP Table Varieties

In the ABAP dictionary, there are three different types of tables that can be created.

– Transparent Tables: These are tables in SAP ABAP that store data in a straightforward manner, without any additional processing or manipulation.

– Pooled Tables: In SAP ABAP, pooled tables are used to store large amounts of data that can be accessed by multiple users simultaneously.

– Cluster Tables: Cluster tables in SAP ABAP are designed to efficiently handle and organize complex data structures for improved performance.

In addition to the three main table types, there are also special table types called table pools and clusters. These particular tables are used to store various information like program parameters, temporary data, documentation text, and more from other tables.

Below, you will find a description of ABAP tables.

What Is Transparent Table In SAP ABAP?

Transparent tables in SAP ABAP have the exact same name and number of fields as their corresponding data dictionary tables.

The transparent table shows the one-to-one relationship with the table definition in the SAP database. The below image is showing the transparent table in ABAP:

2. Pooled Tables

In ABAP, the pooled table reflects a many-to-one connection with the table definition in the database. This implies that within the SAP database, there exist multiple tables corresponding to a single table defined in the ABAP dictionary.

In SAP ABAP, the table pool is a term used to refer to the storage of all Pooled tables in a single table within the SAP database.

The tables in the data dictionary that are pooled may or may not share a primary key field.

Below image shows the relation between the Pooled tables and table pools:

3. Cluster Tables:

Cluster tables in SAP ABAP are comparable to Pooled tables due to their many-to-one relationship with the table definition in the SAP database. These tables are consolidated and stored together within a single table cluster in the database.

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In the SAP ABAP data dictionary, it is necessary for tables to have at least one primary key field that they share in common. Typically, these tables are accessed simultaneously.

The connection between the cluster table and table clusters can be grasped by referring to the diagram provided below.

Understanding the Distinction: Pooled, Cluster, and Transparent Tables in SAP ABAP

Typically, pooled and cluster tables serve the purpose of storing system-related information like configuration details and historical data rather than holding application-specific data found in transparent tables.

Understanding the Table Type and Structure in SAP ABAP

Table types are utilized in the ABAP Dictionary for defining structured types and other table types. In a structure, a component can have a table type as its type, resulting in a structured type with a table component. Furthermore, it is possible to use a table type as the row type of another table type.

1. Table types are used to define structures and other table types.

3. This creates a structured type with a component that is itself a table.

4. Table types can also be used as the row data type of another table type.

Creating a table in ABAP

The following are the fundamental procedures outlined below, and a more detailed explanation of this practice is provided in subsequent sections.

How can I determine the table type in SAP?

In the initial screen of the ABAP Dictionary, you need to enter the name of the table type in the Data type field and then click on Create. This action will trigger a dialog box where you have to define the category for this type. From there, select Table type and click on Choose. As a result, you will be directed to the maintenance screen specifically designed for table types.


1. Open ABAP Dictionary.

2. Enter table type name in Data type field.

3. Click on Create.

4. Define category in dialog box that appears.

5. Select Table type from options provided.

6. Click on Choose.

7. Access maintenance screen for table types.

How to Create Records in the SAP ABAP Table

After successfully creating the table in DDIC, we can proceed to input data into it. The following steps outline how to create records within the table.

To access the initial screen of the ABAP dictionary, you can either follow the menu path or use the SE11 transaction code. Once there, input the name of the table and select “change.” Next, navigate to “Utilities” and choose “Table Contents” followed by “Create.” Fill in all necessary information in the provided fields according to your requirements and save your changes. If needed, you can reset the fields and enter additional details before saving again.

What does the term “type” mean in ABAP?

In SAP ABAP, there are different types of data that can be used to store information. These data types include elementary type, complex types, and reference types.

Elementary types are the basic building blocks of data in ABAP. They can be further divided into fixed-length type and variable-length type. Fixed-length types have a specific length set for them, such as a fixed number of characters or digits. Variable-length types can vary in length depending on the value stored in them.

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Complex types are more advanced data structures that can hold multiple pieces of information together. One example is structure types, which allow you to group related fields under one name. This makes it easier to organize and access the data within the structure.

Another type of complex type is internal table type. Internal tables are like database tables but exist only during runtime and do not persist after program execution ends. They allow you to store tabular data with rows and columns, making it convenient for processing large amounts of structured information.

Overall, understanding these different table types in SAP ABAP is important for effectively storing and manipulating data within your programs or applications

What Is Table Type in SAP ABAP: An Overview

Once the table records are created, it becomes simple to view all the saved records in the table.

  • Open the ABAP dictionary initial Screen by navigating the menu path or entering the SE11 transaction code.
  • Enter the table name and click on the change button.
  • Click on the ” Utilities ” → Table Contents → Display
  • Click on the execute button given on the screen to view all records stored within the table.
  • We can also see the particular data if there are lots of records in the table, for that enter some data details and press enter.

Understanding the Concept of Table Type in SAP ABAP

To begin, navigate to the SE11 transaction in SAP ABAP. Once there, input the desired name for the table type and proceed by clicking on the “Create” button. Next, choose the option for creating a Table Type from the available selections. In this step, provide a brief description of what this table type represents or contains.

Moving forward with our process, we now move onto Step 4: Define fields for your table type. Here you can specify various attributes such as field names, data types (such as character or numeric), lengths, and decimal places if applicable. Additionally, you can define whether certain fields are key fields or not.

Finally, we reach Step 6: Activate your newly created table type by selecting it and choosing the activation option provided within SE11. Activating ensures that any changes made take effect and allows other programs within SAP ABAP to utilize this specific table type when needed.

Table and its classification

In SAP ABAP programming language, tables are used to store and organize data efficiently. They provide a structured way to store related information and make it easily accessible for processing. The fields within these tables define the type of data that can be stored in them.

For example, if we have an employee table with fields like name, age, designation, and salary; each record (row) will contain specific values for these fields corresponding to an individual employee. Similarly, if we have a product table with fields like name, price, quantity available; each record will represent detailed information about a particular product.

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Tables play a crucial role in managing large amounts of data within SAP systems. They allow for efficient storage and retrieval of information based on various criteria using queries or reports. By defining appropriate field types within the tables according to the nature of the data they hold ensures accurate representation and manipulation of that data throughout different processes within SAP ABAP applications.

Table type and structure: An explanation

A table type in SAP ABAP is a data type that is used to define a structured data object, such as a work area. When declaring a work area using the DATA statement, we can specify its type as a structure defined by the STRUCTURE keyword. This allows us to create an organized and well-defined container for storing related data elements.

On the other hand, a table type serves as a data type for defining internal data objects. It provides flexibility in organizing and managing large volumes of information within an ABAP program. By specifying the table type when declaring internal tables or variables, we can ensure that they are capable of holding specific types of data structures.

It is important to understand these concepts thoroughly in order to effectively utilize them during development tasks involving complex data manipulation and management requirements within SAP systems.

Table type in SE11: What does it mean?

Table type is a type of internal table that is widely used in SAP ABAP. It allows for the storage and manipulation of data within the system. To create a table type, you can navigate to transaction code SE11 and select the “Data Type” option. Then, provide a name for your table type and proceed with its creation. Make sure to select the “TABLE TYPE” radio button before continuing.

Once you have created your table type, you can define its structure by adding fields or components to it. These fields determine the data types and lengths that can be stored in each column of the table type. You can also specify whether certain fields are key fields or not.

Table types offer flexibility as they can be reused across different programs or functions within SAP ABAP. They serve as templates for creating actual tables or internal tables during runtime based on their defined structure.

Understanding table type and line type in SAP ABAP

A line type in SAP ABAP refers to the work area of an internal table. It represents the structure or format of each individual record within the table. In order to create a line type, we can utilize the ABAP Dictionary by navigating to transaction SE11 and selecting “Data Type”. Here, we can provide a name for our line type and choose the option to create it.

On the other hand, a table type in SAP ABAP refers to the body or overall structure of an internal table. It defines how multiple records are organized within the table. The table type is created using various data types including line types that have been defined previously.