Understanding the Concept of Reporting in SAP ABAP

What Is Report In Sap Abap

A report in SAP ABAP is presenting the data in an organized manner . Reports are used when we need to display the bulk of data in a systematic way. Below are a few points which you should learn before starting with reports in SAP ABAP. Reports are executable program i.e Type 1 or Type E.

What Does a Report Mean in SAP ABAP?

A report in SAP ABAP is a program that collects and displays data based on predefined criteria. Reports assist organizations in making informed decisions by analyzing and presenting information in an organized manner. The complexity of reports can vary depending on the specific requirements of the business, ranging from simple lists to advanced analytical tools.

Types of Reports in SAP ABAP

– Traditional Report

– Dynamic Report

– Logical Database Reporting

– ABAP Query Reporting

– ABAP List Viewer Reports (ALV)

– Report Writer/Report Painter

What Does Classical Report Mean in SAP ABAP?

Classical reports are the fundamental and uncomplicated reports in SAP ABAP. Developers typically start with traditional reports, where they utilize the WRITE statement to generate output. These reports do not include any additional functionalities like data sorting, arrangement, or filtering.

What are Classical Report Events in SAP ABAP?

The initial phase of a conventional report involves activating it prior to the display of the selection screen.

After the user’s input in the selection screen, the activation process began. This event validates user input before executing the program. The selection screen will be active once the user input has been processed.

Triggered after the selection screen is completed, specifically when the user tries to execute it.

Once the final statement in Start-of-Selection is completed, it will commence activation.

When the initial WRITE statement is executed, information is presented on a fresh page.

The content will appear at the lower section of the page, marking the concluding phase in generating a conventional report within SAP ABAP.

SAP ABAP: Understanding Interactive Reports

In the interactive report, users have the ability to engage with it. In case a user requires specific details about an employee but is presented with all employee information in a column, there is an option to conceal that data under “employee details”. By clicking on this section, a subreport will appear containing the desired specifics of the selected employee.

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What Are Events in an Interactive Report?

1. During the selection of a line (AT LINE-SELECTION):

Once the event is activated, we can simply double-click on the list to generate a new sublist. If the statements have been retrieved successfully, they will be visible in this newly generated sublist.

This event offers the user with various functional keys.

WRITE: / ‘Top-of-Page Event During Line Selection: Additional Information’.

You have the option to show important information or carry out specific actions in this section, depending on the chosen line.

What is a Logical Database Report in SAP ABAP?

The ABAP report has an extra tool called the logical database report (LDB), which provides additional features. When using LDB, there is no requirement to declare parameters as the selection screen is automatically generated. In ABAP reports, it is recommended to use the Nodes statement.

What Are ABAP Query Reports in SAP ABAP

This is an extra tool for generating reports in SAP ABAP. The report offers excellent precision and effectiveness within the SAP ABAP environment.

ABAP List Viewer (ALV): An Overview

The most basic way to reuse the library is through transaction se83. ALV offers two modes, namely list and grid. The list mode provides standard features and follows an older approach, while the grid mode utilizes a new OCX object that presents grids.

SAP ABAP Report: An Overview

A large number of SAP FICO users prefer utilizing the Report Painter/Report Writer library through transaction MC27 rather than writing custom ABAP code to generate reports.

Understanding SAP Reports

Conventional SAP reports are predefined by the software provider and cover common business scenarios applicable across various industries. For instance, standard reports may include financial statements like balance sheets or profit/loss statements generated at regular intervals without any customization required.

Ad hoc queries provide even greater flexibility by allowing users to create custom queries on-the-spot according to their immediate needs. For example, if there is an urgent requirement for sales figures of a particular product category during a specific period of time when no predefined report exists; ad hoc querying enables users to quickly extract this information without having to wait for development of new customizations.

What Occurs in the ABAP Report?

ABAP reports consist of events that serve as program points, enabling specific actions to be triggered. These events allow developers to control the execution of code and respond to user input effectively. To ensure that reports function properly and provide a satisfactory user experience, it is crucial to have a thorough understanding of these events and utilize them efficiently.

Types of Reports in ABAP: An Overview

In SAP ABAP, a report is a program that retrieves and presents data from the database in a structured format. There are different types of reports available in SAP ABAP to cater to various requirements.

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The first type of report is called Classical Report. It is a basic type of report where data is displayed in tabular form without any interactive features. This type of report is suitable for simple data display purposes.

The second type is an Interactive Report. Unlike classical reports, interactive reports allow users to interact with the displayed data by selecting or filtering specific information. Users can navigate through different screens and perform actions like sorting, grouping, or even editing the data.

Another type of report in SAP ABAP is Logical Database (LDB). LDBs provide predefined structures and selection screens for accessing complex sets of related tables efficiently. They simplify the development process by handling joins between tables automatically.

Overall, these different types of reports in SAP ABAP offer flexibility and functionality depending on the needs of business processes within an organization

Significance of Events in SAP ABAP Reports

Events in SAP ABAP Reports offer increased flexibility and interactivity, enabling developers to incorporate personalized logic based on user actions such as button presses or selections. By utilizing events, developers can create dynamic and responsive reports that cater to the specific needs of users.

Is a SAP report necessary for me?

SAP calculations are mandatory under the Building Regulations in the UK and must be conducted for all newly constructed homes. These calculations help determine the energy efficiency of a dwelling and ensure compliance with Part L of the building regulations, which has made SAP Ratings necessary since 1995. As a result, most developers are already familiar with this requirement.


Having a thorough understanding of the different events in an SAP ABAP Report is crucial for developers who want to create strong and dynamic programs. By utilizing these events, developers can improve user satisfaction, manage program execution, and handle user input efficiently. This comprehensive guide acts as a valuable tool for SAP ABAP developers looking to gain expertise in report programming events.

The number of report types in SAP

When creating a report in SAP ABAP, there are three distinct types of reports that can be utilized. Each type is displayed differently and serves a specific purpose. The following list provides an overview of these report types:

1. Classical Report: This type generates a line in the report based on the hierarchy.

2. Interactive Report: An interactive report allows users to interact with the data by selecting various options or performing actions within the report itself.

3. ALV (ABAP List Viewer) Report: ALV reports provide enhanced functionality and features for displaying data, such as sorting, filtering, and formatting options.

It is important to understand these different report types when developing reports in SAP ABAP as they offer varying capabilities and functionalities based on your requirements.

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Running an ABAP report: How to do it?

For those interested in generating Table reports specifically, additional steps need to be followed after selecting “Run.” Users must first choose their preferred format for displaying data within these reports before proceeding with generation by clicking on “Generate.”

Opening an ABAP report: How can it be done?

To access ABAP programs in SAP, you can open them directly from the ABAP Editor. To do this, follow these steps: first, select the menu path Tools → ABAP Workbench → Development → ABAP Editor from the SAP menu of SAP Easy Access (or start Transaction SE38). This will launch the ABAP Editor interface where you can view and edit your programs.

The ABAP Editor provides a user-friendly environment for developers to write and maintain their ABAP code. It offers features such as syntax highlighting, code completion, and debugging tools to enhance productivity. You can also navigate through different sections of your program using the navigation tree on the left side of the editor.

P.S. Remember that it is important to have proper authorization before accessing or modifying any programs in SAP. Always ensure that you have necessary permissions and follow company guidelines when working with sensitive data or making changes to production systems.

What is the difference between report and table in SAP?

A report Tcode is a command that allows you to execute an ABAP program in SAP. This program is designed to collect information from a group of tables and present it in the desired format. By using the report Tcode, you can easily access and analyze data stored within these tables.

In SAP, a table serves as a repository for storing various types of information related to objects such as Technical Objects, M/Pts (Material/Parts), Notifications, Orders, and more. When you create these objects or perform any relevant actions within the system, the associated data gets stored in specific tables. These tables act as organized containers where all relevant details are kept for easy retrieval and reference.

P.S. The report Tcode provides a convenient way to extract meaningful insights from multiple tables by executing ABAP programs tailored to your requirements. Additionally, utilizing tables ensures efficient storage and management of data generated during different processes within SAP.

Enhancing SAP ABAP Performance

To optimize performance in SAP ABAP, it is crucial to minimize unnecessary database accesses. This can be achieved by selecting only the records that are truly needed from the database and utilizing aggregate functions and grouping functions such as SUM, MAX, MIN, GROUP BY, ORDER BY, and HAVING. By doing so, you can reduce the amount of data retrieved from the database.

Additionally, it is advisable to select the required data only once and store them in global or static variables or instance attributes if necessary. This approach helps avoid repetitive database calls and improves overall efficiency.